Why are forests important?

International Forest Day or World Forestry Day is celebrated on the recommendation of the World Forestry Congress (Rome, 1969). The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in 1971. accepted. The day of the celebration coincides with the arrival of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Autumn.

The goal of this day is to become aware of the importance of forests as a source of life. Why? Some data are …

  • They cover one-third of the Earth’s land surface
  • Around 1.600 million people-including more than two thousand indigenous cultures depend on forests to live
  • From a biological standpoint, forests are the most diverse terrestrial ecosystems, which are home to more than 80% of animal and plant species.
  • Forests ensure our food, our water, and soil and ensuring clean air.

Nevertheless, we do not care:

  • Half of the forests that once covered the land have disappeared
  • About 78% of primary forests have been destroyed and 22% are pro threat logging and other uses
  • About 80 countries have already lost all their primary forests
  • FAO estimates that each year more than 130,000 square kilometers of forests are lost due to deforestation.


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